deals with the characteristics, creation, meaning and perception of beauty and taste. The
study of aesthetics develops skills for the critical appreciation and analysis of art, culture and nature.
is a conversion, transformation or movement from one form, state or value to another.
Inquiry into the concept of change involves understanding and evaluating causes, processes and
is the exchange or transfer of signals, facts, ideas and symbols. It requires a sender, a
message and an intended receiver. Communication involves the activity of conveying information or
meaning. Effective communication requires a common “language” (which may be written, spoken or
are groups that exist in proximity defined by space, time or relationship. Communities
include, for example, groups of people sharing particular characteristics, beliefs or values as well as
groups of interdependent organisms living together in a specific habitat.
are links, bonds and relationships among people, objects, organisms or ideas.
is the process of generating novel ideas and considering existing ideas from new
perspectives. Creativity includes the ability to recognize the value of ideas when developing innovative
responses to problems; it may be evident in process as well as outcomes, products or solutions.
encompasses a range of learned and shared beliefs, values, interests, attitudes, products,
ways of knowing and patterns of behaviour created by human communities. The concept of culture is
dynamic and organic.
is the act or process of growth, progress or evolution, sometimes through iterative
is the shape and underlying structure of an entity or piece of work, including its organization,
essential nature and external appearance.
as a concept, focuses on the connections among individuals and communities,
as well as their relationships with built and natural environments, from the perspective of the world as
is the state or fact of being the same. It refers to the particular features that define individuals,
groups, things, eras, places, symbols and styles. Identity can be observed, or it can be constructed,
asserted and shaped by external and internal influences.
is a method of reasoning and a system of principles used to build arguments and reach
is the position from which we observe situations, objects, facts, ideas and opinions.
Perspective may be associated with individuals, groups, cultures or disciplines. Different perspectives
often lead to multiple representations and interpretations.
are the connections and associations between properties, objects, people and
ideas—including the human community’s connections with the world in which we live. Any change
in relationship brings consequences—some of which may occur on a small scale, while others may
be far-reaching, affecting large networks and systems such as human societies and the planetary
are sets of interacting or interdependent components. Systems provide structure and order
in human, natural and built environments. Systems can be static or dynamic, simple or complex.
The intrinsically linked concept of time, place and space refers to the absolute or relative position
of people, objects and ideas. Time, place and space focuses on how we construct and use our
understanding of location (“where” and “when”).